The DYAD Reading Method
The DYAD method of reading is a style of comprehension teaching that involves pairing a stronger, leading, reader with a less confident reader. When used within a classroom DYAD reading enables the lead reader to practice reading fluently, whilst practicing comprehension skills through intonation, whilst the less experienced reader . It is also an effective method to enhance comprehension when used by a parent and child. In this scenario both the child and parent reads at the same time. Overall the two methods have been proven to work in effectively enhancing comprehension and decoding levels as shown through studies undertaken during 1883-84 and 1985-86.
Typically, DYADs require a strong reader and a reader who is struggling. Lev Vygotsky pioneered research that explored how students comprehend and acquire language, and his findings reinforced the need for students to gain knowledge in a social setting. The first step is to analyse and create DYAD partners based on skill. This should be carefully thought out, as it is pointless to have two strong readers read to each other. Likewise to fall on the other side of the spectrum is counterproductive and frustrating if a fantastic reader is paired with a terrible one.The goal should be to pair a reader with a partner that is slightly better than they are, in fluency and comprehension.
First, have the two students either sitting next to or facing each other. The two students will then read a predetermined amount of text depending on their skill level. For example, either a sentence, or a paragraph or a page. The two students will read the passage together, out loud, while also following the text with their fingers. The lead reader should read the passage as normal while the following reader says words they understand as they follow along. The goal is not to sound out words or to say each individual word but to read the passage as normal in order to build up an understanding of the flow of text and comprehension. At the end of the passage the following reader will give a brief summary to the leading reader about what the passage meant. This will flip during the next passage, the leader summarising for the follower.
Pairing assignments should not be permanent. Each time partners should be switched up with the followers sometimes becoming leaders to others and vice versa. This enables a stronger social community in the classroom between students as well as giving struggling readers a sense of security. The readers feel more at peace in a private reading session as opposed to large group readings.
Parental DYAD reading is very similar to classroom based reading. However in this case instead of a leader and follower student there is the parent who acts as the leader and child who acts as follower. Much like the classroom based the leader and follower read together, pointing at the words as they go. The leader reads naturally, while the follower reads as well as they can, There is no sounding out or stopping to reiterate certain words. However if the child shows a more complex understanding of the material or certain passages the leader seamlessly falls into the follower’s steps and allows the child to lead. If the child stumbles over a word or certain phrase the parent will take over as the leader once again.
This version is much more intimate as the child will usually sit on the parent’s lap while going through the passages. There also is no summation at the end of the sentence/paragraph/page unless the parent decides it. The relationship is also different in that the parent is always the leader and the child follows,except when the child displays a stronger grasp of the text. Overall however this technique allows a parent and child to develop a stronger relationship while also promoting correct reading habits and extensive comprehension.
Kindergo’s use of DYAD:
The DYAD method is the primary teaching method employed by kindergo. The App itself acts as the stronger reader, leading the child through the books. The major difference however is that Kindergo has multiple approaches to help the child read as well as offering different levels of reading and a large collection of books on hand.
The app presents a third option aside from the classroom and parental method, a solo option in which the child basically teaches themselves. While Kindergo can be used by both teachers and parents, the app shines most through the child reading themselves.
In terms of DYAD, the app is the stronger reader and the child follows along. The first approach the app can take is to read the book aloud to the child, this enables the child to focus solely on the story unfolding before them and appreciate the characters and world. The second method is much more hands on however. The child is able to read the book by interacting with the words themselves, by pressing on the words the book will be read aloud word by word, imitating the DYAD method. The child is also able to swipe their finger across sentences and have the words read out as they would hear from someone reciting the story, just like a parent or stronger reader.
This approach allows the child to go through at their own pace, revisiting words or phrases they don’t understand or enjoyed without any pressure whatsoever from the stronger reader. Kindergo is not a phonics teacher, the books and words are spoken as normally as possible without trying to sound it out. This falls in line with the DYAD style of reading, to teach proper sentence structure and word recognition,
This doesn’t exclude the use of Kindergo in classrooms or at home though, in fact it opens up a plethora of new facets for teachers and parents. In the classroom Kindergo is a valuable resource. The app allows teachers to help struggling students reach their full potential as well as simultaneously implement the DYAD method to all students at once, allowing them individualised levels of reading. Teachers are also able to set up specific restrictions or plan out certain books and subjects to read or even to use as a reward.
With usual DYAD reading, half the class at one time is the weaker reader, enabling them to grow their vocabulary and language skills while the other half is the leading reader, while still learning and growing, not challenged as much as the weaker reader. Kindergo allows the entire class to be the weaker reader and grow their skills together, sharing their favourite books and personal characters to keep the social learning aspect alive.
At home, Kindergo provides parents both a tool to grow closer to their child and help them learn as well as somewhat of a reprieve and privacy. The app offers a library of books to engage both children and parents, as well as a way for parents to teach reading in an engaging manner. Parents can sit with their child and read through the books either with the book narrating and they follow along or by interacting directly with the words and guiding the child to touch and follow the words themselves. In this scenario both the app and parent are the stronger readers while the child is the weaker.
The app also offers somewhat of a reprieve for parents, allowing children to learn and teach themselves while the parent has some privacy. The app offers a guilt free escape for parents. Kindergo is perfect for long car trips or flights as well as a daily activity to promote good reading habits.
Overall, Kindergo offers a multitude of options for teachers and parents who wish to use the DYAD method. The app excels at DYAD reading and teaches proper sentence structure, word memorisation and reading habits.
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